Pulmonology focuses on diagnosing, treating, and managing respiratory disorders. Pulmonologists specialise in conditions affecting the lungs and respiratory system. Doctors utilise various diagnostic techniques and provide treatments such as medication, therapy, and surgery. Pulmonology plays a crucial role in improving lung health and enhancing quality of life for individuals with respiratory conditions.
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Bronchoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that involves examining the air passages leading to the lungs using a flexible tube called a bronchoscope. The bronchoscope is inserted through the nose or mouth and down the throat to view the airways and collect tissue samples or perform other medical procedures. This procedure is commonly used to diagnose and treat conditions such as lung cancer, pneumonia, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Bronchoscopy is performed by a qualified healthcare professional and is typically done on an outpatient basis. It is a safe and effective procedure that can provide valuable information to help diagnose and treat respiratory conditions.
Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS)
Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes ultrasound technology to visualize the airways and surrounding structures of the chest. This diagnostic tool is used to detect and diagnose lung cancer, infections, and other abnormalities within the lungs and surrounding areas. EBUS is performed under local anesthesia, and it involves the insertion of a small, flexible tube called a bronchoscope through the mouth or nose and into the airways. The procedure is commonly used in the evaluation of lung cancer, as it allows for the collection of tissue samples for biopsy without the need for invasive surgery. EBUS is a safe and effective tool that can help doctors make accurate diagnoses and provide appropriate treatment options for their patients.
Endobronchial Valve Therapy
Endobronchial Valve Therapy is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat severe emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. During the procedure, small one-way valves are placed in the airways of the lungs to redirect airflow and improve breathing. This treatment is usually reserved for patients who have not responded to traditional therapies such as medication or oxygen therapy.
A lobectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a lobe or part of the lung. This may be necessary if there is a tumor or other condition affecting the lung, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or lung cancer. The surgery can be done either through traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Patients may consider traveling for a lobectomy to access specialized medical facilities or to take advantage of cost savings in certain countries. However, it is important to consult with a qualified medical professional to determine if travel for medical treatment is appropriate for individual cases.
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery (LVRS) is a surgical procedure performed to remove damaged or diseased lung tissue in order to improve lung function and breathing in patients with severe emphysema. This procedure is typically recommended for patients who have exhausted all other treatment options and have significant breathing difficulties. LVRS is usually performed on an elective basis and requires a highly skilled surgeon with expertise in thoracic surgery. The procedure is available at many leading medical centers around the world, making it a popular option for medical tourists seeking high-quality, specialized care for their respiratory conditions.